Acetone, its properties and uses
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Acetone, its properties and uses

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Published by National Wood Chemical Association in Bradford, Pa .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Acetone.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementby Raymond Frederick Remler ...
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQD305.K2 R4
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 26 p.
Number of Pages26
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6672509M
LC Control Number24031120
OCLC/WorldCa5636528

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Acetone is typically derived from acetoacetate through the action of microbial acetoacetate decarboxylases found in gut microflora. In chemistry, acetone is the simplest representative of the ketones. Acetone is a colorless, mobile, flammable liquid readily soluble in water, ethanol, ether, etc., and itself serves as an important solvent. Acetone - Structure, Uses and Properties of Acetone Acetone, also known as dimethyl ketone and propanone is the simplest, smallest and most important of all the aliphatic (fat-derived) ketones. Pure acetone is a colourless, clear liquid. Book your FREE counselling session. Acetone Revision Date Apr Vapor Pressure mbar @ 20 °C Vapor Density Specific Gravity Solubility Soluble in water Partition coefficient; n-octanol/water No data available Autoignition Temperature °C / °F Decomposition Temperature > 4°C Viscosity mPa.s @ 20 °C Molecular Formula C3 H6 O Molecular Weight Refractive index . Acetone is an industrial and laboratory solvent and a chemical precursor for other materials. Its chemical names are dimethyl ketone and 2-propanone. Acetone is used in production of pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. At home it can be found in nail polish remover, paint strippers, glue removers, and in tobacco smoke.

Acetone peroxide (Fig. ) is a dry-powder bleaching and improving agent marketed as ‘Keetox’ – a blend of acetone peroxides with a diluent such as dicalcium phosphate or concentration in terms of H 2 O 2 equivalent per g of additive plus carrier is 3–10 for maturing and bleaching, and for doughmaking. Its use has been permitted in the United States . Of all the aldehydes and ketones, formaldehyde and acetone are of greatest commercial importance. Uses of formaldehyde have already been mentioned. Like other ketones, acetone is mainly useful as a solvent, and you may have used it for this purpose in the laboratory. Acetone and other ketones are somewhat toxic and should not be handled carelessly. Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones. Formaldehyde is the simplest aldehyde whereas acetone is the smallest ketone. There are a number of aldehydes and ketones which find application due to their chemical properties. A few uses of Aldehydes and Ketones are listed below. 1. Uses of Aldehydes. Formaldehyde is a gas. Due to its properties of heavy digressing, it is used in the preparation of metal before painting. It is also used for thinning polyester resin, dissolving superglue, removing nail varnishes, removing rosin flux to prevent the rusty bolt effect as well as in the pharmaceutical industries whereby it may be used as an excipient in some : Tabitha Njogu.

The heat capacities of isopropyl alcohol and acetone from 16 to K and the corresponding entropies and free energies , The thermodynamic properties of acetone, J. Am. Chem. Soc., , 79, uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on. Many specimens of the commercial acetone, however, seem to be quite free from water and to answer the purpose just as well as the chemically pure for histological uses, with the further advantage that its cost is only thirty or thirty-five cents per pound ; and still lower rates may be obtained if bought in larger quantities. The technical grade acetone is majorly used in the production of MMA and BPA. The product grade exhibited higher penetration with a market share of over 90% in , due to its availability at lower costs. MMA manufactured from specialty grade acetone is gaining a high preference in the construction industry due to its binding properties. It is a physical rather than a chemical reaction. The air in the foam leaves, and because Styrofoam consists mainly of air, when it dissolves in acetone it completely loses its structure. The acetone splits up the long chain of molecules, and the air disappears, causing the volume to shrink radically.